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Cluster Grouping: Finding the Right Fit for GT Students


Cluster Grouping is used in mixed-ability classrooms. GT students are ‘clustered’ together. This facilitates differentiated instruction enabling teachers to better meet the needs of ALL students.

Isn’t Cluster Grouping the same as tracking? ‘Tracking’ is an approach historically fraught with negative connotations. Students placed on a track remained there throughout their education K-12. Cluster Grouping is not ‘tracking’. It is flexible, addresses specific needs, and can be realigned when necessary. It avoids putting ALL students into permanent tracks while allowing all students to explore their personal academic potential.

Teachers using Cluster Grouping reported increased identification, awareness, and understanding of students’ needs. They felt instructional strategies were more effective. GT students are more at ease learning with intellectual peers and able to explore content more deeply. Inappropriate behaviors are curtailed. Cluster Grouping provides GT students with gifted education opportunities that are cost-effective for school districts experiencing budgetary constraints.

It’s essential that Cluster Teachers have specialized training in teaching GT students. They should know how to recognize and nurture GT, and allow them to demonstrate mastery. Cluster Teachers should be able to provide accelerated pacing, allow for independent study, and facilitate sophisticated research opportunities. (Winebrenner)

Won’t the presence of GT Cluster Groups inhibit the performance of other students? Over 30 years of research (Feldhusen ’89, Rogers ’93, Gentry ’99, Brulles ’05, Plucker ’10, Pierce ’11) says otherwise. GT Cluster Groups don’t inhibit other students. Size matters. Keeping groups to a manageable size has shown to improve achievement for all students (Winebrenner).

Schools need to be realistic about their access to and ability to provide necessary resources required to implement Cluster Grouping. Professional development in GT must be required for all teachers, admins, and staff involved in developing and instituting Cluster Grouping, AND be ongoing. Expectations and well-established norms must precede establishment of Cluster Grouping in a school district to ensure the success of students and the program. Successful Cluster Grouping involves embedded PD, advisors and mentors for teachers, expertise in advance scheduling, and parent and community involvement. A transcript of this chat can be found at Wakelet.

Global #gtchat Powered by the Texas Association for the Gifted and Talented  is a weekly chat on Twitter. Join us Thursdays at 8E/7C/6M/5P in the U.S. and Fridays at Noon NZST/10 AM AEST/1 AM UK  to discuss current topics in the gifted community and meet experts in the field. Transcripts of our weekly chats can be found at Wakelet. Our Facebook Page provides information on the chat and news and information regarding the gifted community. Also, checkout our Pinterest Page and Playlist on YouTube.

 Lisa Conrad About the authorLisa Conrad is the Moderator of Global #gtchat Powered by TAGT and Social Media Manager of the Global #gtchat Community. She is a longtime  advocate for gifted children and also blogs at  Gifted Parenting Support. Lisa can be contacted at:


Cluster Grouping: Finding the Fit (pdf)

A Menu of Options for Grouping Gifted Students

Emphasize Flexibility and Adaptability When Grouping Students

The Cluster Grouping Handbook (pdf preview)

Cluster Grouping of Gifted Students FAQs (pdf)

NZ: Cluster Grouping for the Gifted and Talented: It Works! (pdf)

Fort Bend ISD: Gifted and Talented Services 2018 – 2019 Handbook (P. 12) (pdf)

The Schoolwide Cluster Grouping Model (pdf)

Teaching in the Schoolwide Cluster Grouping Model (pdf)

Advanced Learner: Multi-Tiered System of Support Guide (pdf)

Gifted Resources for School Teachers, Counselors and Administrators

Cluster Grouping Fact Sheet: How to Provide Full-Time Services for Gifted Students on Existing Budgets


Why Cluster Grouping Benefits Gifted Children

What is Cluster Grouping? (pdf)

CTD Hosts Conference on Cluster Grouping ( October 2018)

Todd Talks – Cluster Grouping (YouTube 13:14)

Improving Performance for Gifted Students in a Cluster Grouping Model

Grouping Gifted Students

Cybraryman’s Learning Page

AUS: Revisiting Gifted Education

What do gifted students need? (pdf)

Meta-analytic Findings on Grouping Programs (Abstract Only)

Image courtesy of Pixabay Pixabay License

Graphic courtesy of Lisa Conrad.

Instructional Strategies for Gifted Education

This week’s chat centered on Instructional Strategies for Gifted Education. Although there were many more strategies that could have been discussed, we concentrated on Assessment, Grouping, Differentiation, PBL (Problem/Project-based), Socratic Learning & RtI (Response to Intervention). The transcript can be found here.

Teaching High Ability Students in Your Classroom (video)

Instructional Strategies for Gifted Learners (Livebinders) 

Instructional Strategies for the Gifted (Gifted Dev Ctr) (.pdf)

Strategies for Gifted and Talented Students (Intel)

Tips for Teachers: Successful Strategies for Teaching Gifted Learners ( @DavidsonGifted )

Gifted & Talented and Differentiation

Gifted Education Strategies: What the Research Says (NAGC)

Texas Performance Standards Project 

Programming Options and Instructional Strategies ( @DukeTIP )

Curriculum & Instructional Strategies for Teaching Gifted Students (Prezi)

Reading Strategies for Advanced Primary Readers (Kingore) (.pdf) 

Response to Intervention and Gifted and Talented Education (.pdf) 

Gifted Instructional Strategies (Prezi) 

Differentiating for High-Ability Learners (Video)

Indiana Program Standards for High Ability Education

Differentiation for High Ability Learners (Slideshare)

Successful Educational Programs & Strategies for High Ability Students (2000/2006)

Providing Curriculum Alternatives to Motivate Gifted Students (1994)

Differentiating Instruction for High Ability and Gifted Students

Lesson Plans & Resources for Teaching Gifted & Talented Students

The Educator’s Guild from @DavidsonGifted

Creative Instructional Strategies for Gifted Learners

Two Learning Strategies for Gifted and Talented Students (Slideshare)

Enhancing Instruction for Gifted Students Through Project-Based Learning

The Socratic Method as an Approach to Learning and Its Benefits

The Role of Socratic Questioning in Thinking, Teaching, and Learning

Assessments from Cybraryman1

Differentiated Instruction from Cybraryman1

Teaching Strategies to Educate Gifted Children (Slideshare)

Gifted Children with Learning Disabilities

Reading Instruction with Gifted and Talented Readers (.pdf) 

Project-Based Learning from Cybraryman1

Problem-Based Learning (Creative Thinking)  from Cybraryman1

Literacy Strategies for Gifted Learners

Socratic Seminar from Cybraryman1

Reach Every Child

Reading Projects for Gifted and Talented Students

Secondary Gifted and Talented – Classroom Practice (video)

Response to Intervention from Cybraryman1

Teaching Mathematics to Gifted Students in a Mixed-Ability Classroom

Maximizing Gifted Students’ Potential in the 21st Century

Mathematically Gifted Students: How Can We Meet Their Needs?

South Carolina Gifted and Talented Best Practices Manual (.pdf)

The Best Practices Manual For Gifted and Talented Programs in Idaho (.pdf)

NAGC Legislative Advocacy Students

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