This week’s topic, The Relationship between Creativity and Intelligence was a bit ‘deeper’ than usual. It became quickly apparent that there were many divergent opinions on the subject. It proved to be an interesting conversation. We welcomed many new people to the chat as well!
In order to consider this relationship, we first defined what intelligence and creativity meant to our participants. According to Gautam, intelligence is a domain-general ability to solve complex adaptive problems. In its pure form, intelligence is complex and multidimensional. Defining intelligence has gotten a lot of press in recent years; many new ideas!
Creativity is the ability to come up with original, surprising and useful ideas. (Gautam) Tamara Fisher, education specialist, described it as, “the capacity to generate and innovate in new ways, whether by sudden instinct or through long, hard work.” Creativity emerged as an adaptive cognitive mechanism; improvisational reasoning could lead to novel solutions. (Jung) Christensen defined creativity as the “ability to go beyond intelligence an capitalize on seemingly random connections of concepts.”
Currently, there is no scientific consensus on how these constructs [creativity and intelligence] are related. Some believe intelligence may increase creative potential up to a certain degree. (Jauk, Benedek, Dunst, Neubauer 2013) Some say they are opposite ends of a spectrum; other the same thing.
What are some things that characterize highly creative people? Highly creative people are passionate, sensitive, imaginative, intuitive, and often solitary. They are open to experience, mindful, think differently, daydreamers, turn adversity into advantage.
We then discussed why it is important to understand the creative process as it affects gifted kids & adults. The more we know about neuroscience and creativity, the better we can meet the needs of gifted children. Using outdated information can diminish best practices for empowering gifted kids to fulfill their potential. Understanding how the brain works and networks will benefit all gifted and twice-exceptional children. A transcript may be found at Storify.
Global #gtchat Powered by the Texas Association for the Gifted and Talented is a weekly chat on Twitter. Join us Fridays at 7E/6C/5M/4P in the U.S., Midnight in the UK and Saturdays Noon NZDT/10 AM AEDT to discuss current topics in the gifted community and meet experts in the field. Transcripts of our weekly chats can be found at Storify. Our Facebook Page provides information on the chat and news & information regarding the gifted community. Also, checkout our Pinterest Page and Playlist on YouTube.
About the author: Lisa Conrad is the Moderator of Global #gtchat Powered by TAGT and Social Media Manager of the Global #gtchat Community. She is a longtime advocate for gifted children and also blogs at Gifted Parenting Support. Lisa can be contacted at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Creativity & Intelligence Leading to Psychosis and Autism (Sandeep Gautam)
Creativity and Intelligence: a Tripartite Structure? (Sandeep Gautam)
Wired to Create Unraveling the Mysteries of the Creative Mind (December 2015)
Neuroscience of Creativity (Amazon)
Creative Passion and Gifted Adults proved to be a fascinating discussion about how creative passion is fostered and developed. The role of intensities in gifted adults was explored. A full transcript may be found here.
As promised during chat, please find all the links presented during chat and additional links as well. Below, also, find a reading list pertaining to creativity.
Joanna Penn: “Eliminate What Keeps You from Being Productive”
“Can Anyone Be Creative? How? What next?” by James C. Kaufman at The Creativity Post
“Do Impostor Feelings Dampen Your Creativity?” by Douglas Eby
“Do Artists Have Unique Brains?” at The Creative Mind
“Mistakes Fuel Creativity and Innovation” at The Creative Mind
“Do You Feel a Calling to be Creative?” at The Creative Mind
“Positive Obsessions to be Creative” at Developing Multiple Talents
“Creative Talent: Genetics, A Muse or Hard Work?” at Talent Development Resources
“Journaling to Bring Creative Ideas to Life” by Douglas Eby at Psych Central
Developing Creativity (portal)
“How Technology Enhances Creativity” by Greg Satell
“The Creative Adult is the Child Who Has Survived” by Rita J. King
“Self Care and Being Creative” by Douglas Eby for Psych Central
“Brain Differences and Creativity” at Talent Development Resources
“What Keeps You Away from Creative Work?” at The Creative Mind
“Curiosity and Creativity” by Douglas Eby at Psych Central
“On Giftedness and Creativity” from Leslie Links
“10 Ways to Boost Creativity” by Steve Tobak at CBS Moneywatch
Cybraryman’s Creativity Page
The Creativity Post from Co-founders Milena Fisher, Scott Kaufman, Elliot S Paul
“The Dangers of Creativity Advocates” by James C. Kaufman
Is Creativity Declining Among Young Americans? Visual Art & Writing Examined by Catherine Griffin
“Using Design Process (why & how) for Problem Solving & Education” from Craig Rusbult, Ph.D.
Tres Columnae – Building a Joyful Learning Community: Stories from Justin Schwamm
Hoagies’ Gifted Education Page: Creatively Gifted
Cybraryman’s Passion Based Learning Page
The Philosophy of Creativity: New Essays (Amazon) from Scott Barry Kaufman
Why Smart People Hurt: A Guide for the Bright, the Sensitive & the Creative (Amazon) by Eric Maisel http://goo.gl/n8tIxM
Art Saves: Stories, Inspiration and Prompts Sharing the Power of Art (Amazon – Kindle) by Jenny Doh
The Myths of Creativity: The Truth about How Innovative Companies & People Generate Great Ideas (Amazon) by David Burkus
Out of Our Minds: Learning to be Creative (Amazon) by Ken Robinson
Sparks of Genius: The Thirteen Thinking Tools of the World’s Most Creative People (Amazon) by Robert S. Root-Bernstein and Michele M. Root-Berstein
My Teeming Brain: Creativity in Creative Writers (Amazon) by Jane Piirto
The Psychology of Creative Writing (Amazon – Kindle) from Scott Barry Kaufman & James C. Kaufman
Understanding Creativity (Amazon) by Jane Piirto
Developing Multiple Talents: The Personal Side of Creative Expression (Amazon – Kindle) by @DouglasEby
*Image Courtesy: MorgueFile
As Global #gtchat celebrated its 2nd year of support from the Texas Association for the Gifted and Talented, we welcomed a formidable panel of guests to discuss “Closing the Excellence Gap”. For over a decade, U.S. education policy-makers have sought to close the achievement gap; virtually ignoring its brightest students believing they would make it on their own. Worse yet, low-income and minority students who should have been receiving support were not even invited into the room.
Let’s meet our guests for this chat! Dr. Joy Davis is Associate Professor at Virginia Union University, author of Bright, Talented & Black: A Guide for Families of African American Gifted Learners and a return guest to #gtchat. Dr. Scott Barry Kaufman is co-founder of The Creativity Post, Blogger at Scientific American and author of Ungifted. Rebecca McMillan is Senior Editor of The Creativity Post and founder of The Brain Café on Facebook. Rebecca is also an online instructor for Gifted Homeschoolers Forum. Dr. Jonathan Plucker is Professor at the University of Connecticut and Lead Author on “Talent on the Sidelines: Excellence Gaps and America’s Persistent Talent Underclass.” Dr. Donna Y. Ford was unable to be with us due to travel delays, but has agreed to be our guest for another chat in the near future. We look forward to chatting with her.
Our first question delved into the difference between the Achievement Gap and the Excellence Gap.
Dr. Davis: “It’s [EG] a gap that prevents equitable access to advanced education programs; creating a schism between haves and have-nots. The have-nots are as capable, but lack access and opportunities; thus achievement cannot be fairly measured.”
Dr. Kaufman: “The ‘excellence gap’ represents the growing gap between high performing disadvantaged youth and more affluent peers.”
Rebecca McMillan: “Whereas the achievement gap focuses on the percentage of culturally diverse and disadvantaged students that reach proficiency, the excellence gap focuses on the percentage of culturally diverse & low-income students who reach higher levels of achievement as measured by participation in GT programs, AP & Honors classes, and advanced scores on state and national assessments.”
Dr. Plucker: “Excellence Gaps are achievement gaps at the high end of the achievement range. Excellence Gaps are big & persistent. The term represents intersection between equity & excellence. The U.S. is one of the few countries that treat equity & excellence as mutually exclusive.”
What groups comprise ‘America’s Persistent Talent Underclass’?
Dr. Davis: “[Groups include] students of color, particularly African American & Latino students & the poor, those from single parent headed households.”
Dr. Kaufman: “Any student who is systematically blocked from resources that would allow him or her to flourish is vulnerable. The culture of the school can also have a tremendous impact on vulnerability to excellence gaps.
Rebecca McMillan: “I would include homeless, abused, and neglected students. Students with unstable or difficult home environments.”
Dr. Plucker: “Underprivileged minority students and poor students, primarily. Some evidence that racial Excellence Gaps are closing at VERY slow rates; but poverty Excellence Gaps appear to be growing”
How can inequities specifically related to racial differences in gifted & advanced learner programs be addressed?
Dr. Davis: “By recognizing the very real discriminatory factors that prevent equitable experiences in schools. Ensuring that teachers are trained and sensitive to the needs of diverse students and how culture and race impacts learning. [While] doing PD in Title I school, teacher said to me: ‘aint’ no gifted kids in this school!”
Dr. Kaufman: “I advocate a holistic evaluation of possibility for all students that assesses ability, engagement, and personal goals.We must take all dreams seriously, no matter how big or small, and help students get there step by step.”
Rebecca McMillan: “Identification issues are paramount. We need multiple, wide-gauge methods. Creativity must be considered. In my view, what drives both the excellence and achievement gaps is an engagement gap.”
Dr. Plucker: “Use local norms. Inexcusable to have no services in majority minority or high poverty schs. Local norms help change perceptions.I still hear racist comments in schools, for ex., “We can’t let too many of ‘those kids’ into the program.” Need to confront! [This] goes for poor kids, too: We don’t talk nearly enough about anti-poor bias in U.S.”
A complete transcript of this chat may be found here.
“Talent on the Sidelines: The Widening Gap in Excellence” at the Creativity Post by Scott Barry Kaufman
“Talent on the Sidelines: Excellence Gaps & America’s Persistent Talent Underclass” by Dr. JonathanPlucker (pdf)
Excellence Gap 2012 (website)
Dr. Jonathan Plucker Bio @UCONN
The Brain Cafe on Facebook
Interview with Dr. JonathanPlucker on Talent on the Sidelines (podcast)
“Excellence Gap” from GiftedPhoenix
Scientific American Blog Beautiful Minds by Dr. Scott Barry Kaufman
“Academic Survivability in High-Potential, Middle School Students” GCQ 1996 Plucker/McIntire
5 Questions for Dr. Scott Barry Kaufman about ‘The Creativity Post’ by Dr. JonathanLWai
Ungifted: Intelligence Redefined (book – Amazon) by @sbkaufman Dr. Scott Barry Kaufman
The Complexity of Greatness: Beyond Talent or Practice (book – Amazon) by Dr. Scott Barry Kaufman
“Integrating Multicultural and Gifted Education: A Curricular Framework” (pdf) from Dr. Donna Y. Ford et al
Bright, Talented, & Black: A Guide for Families of African American Gifted Learners (Amazon – book) by Dr. Joy Lawson Davis
Cybraryman’s Culture Page
Cybraryman’s You Matter Page
“From Evaluation to Inspiration” at Scientific American Beautiful Minds Blog from Dr. Scott Barry Kaufman
“The Need for Belonging in Math and Science” by Scott Barry Kaufman
“Letter Grades Deserve an ‘F’” from Jessica Lahey
“De Bono’s 6 Action Shoes: One Size Shoe Cover System” from Jo Freitag
“Revealing New Truths About Our Nation’s Schools” (pdf) from the Office for Civil Rights
Rebecca McMillan Gifted Homeschoolers Forum Online Spring 2014 Instructor
Rebecca McMillan Sui Generis at The Creativity Post
“Ode to Positive Constructive Daydreaming” by Rebecca McMillan et al