As Global #gtchat celebrated its 2nd year of support from the Texas Association for the Gifted and Talented, we welcomed a formidable panel of guests to discuss “Closing the Excellence Gap”. For over a decade, U.S. education policy-makers have sought to close the achievement gap; virtually ignoring its brightest students believing they would make it on their own. Worse yet, low-income and minority students who should have been receiving support were not even invited into the room.
Let’s meet our guests for this chat! Dr. Joy Davis is Associate Professor at Virginia Union University, author of Bright, Talented & Black: A Guide for Families of African American Gifted Learners and a return guest to #gtchat. Dr. Scott Barry Kaufman is co-founder of The Creativity Post, Blogger at Scientific American and author of Ungifted. Rebecca McMillan is Senior Editor of The Creativity Post and founder of The Brain Café on Facebook. Rebecca is also an online instructor for Gifted Homeschoolers Forum. Dr. Jonathan Plucker is Professor at the University of Connecticut and Lead Author on “Talent on the Sidelines: Excellence Gaps and America’s Persistent Talent Underclass.” Dr. Donna Y. Ford was unable to be with us due to travel delays, but has agreed to be our guest for another chat in the near future. We look forward to chatting with her.
Our first question delved into the difference between the Achievement Gap and the Excellence Gap.
Dr. Davis: “It’s [EG] a gap that prevents equitable access to advanced education programs; creating a schism between haves and have-nots. The have-nots are as capable, but lack access and opportunities; thus achievement cannot be fairly measured.”
Dr. Kaufman: “The ‘excellence gap’ represents the growing gap between high performing disadvantaged youth and more affluent peers.”
Rebecca McMillan: “Whereas the achievement gap focuses on the percentage of culturally diverse and disadvantaged students that reach proficiency, the excellence gap focuses on the percentage of culturally diverse & low-income students who reach higher levels of achievement as measured by participation in GT programs, AP & Honors classes, and advanced scores on state and national assessments.”
Dr. Plucker: “Excellence Gaps are achievement gaps at the high end of the achievement range. Excellence Gaps are big & persistent. The term represents intersection between equity & excellence. The U.S. is one of the few countries that treat equity & excellence as mutually exclusive.”
What groups comprise ‘America’s Persistent Talent Underclass’?
Dr. Davis: “[Groups include] students of color, particularly African American & Latino students & the poor, those from single parent headed households.”
Dr. Kaufman: “Any student who is systematically blocked from resources that would allow him or her to flourish is vulnerable. The culture of the school can also have a tremendous impact on vulnerability to excellence gaps.
Rebecca McMillan: “I would include homeless, abused, and neglected students. Students with unstable or difficult home environments.”
Dr. Plucker: “Underprivileged minority students and poor students, primarily. Some evidence that racial Excellence Gaps are closing at VERY slow rates; but poverty Excellence Gaps appear to be growing”
How can inequities specifically related to racial differences in gifted & advanced learner programs be addressed?
Dr. Davis: “By recognizing the very real discriminatory factors that prevent equitable experiences in schools. Ensuring that teachers are trained and sensitive to the needs of diverse students and how culture and race impacts learning. [While] doing PD in Title I school, teacher said to me: ‘aint’ no gifted kids in this school!”
Dr. Kaufman: “I advocate a holistic evaluation of possibility for all students that assesses ability, engagement, and personal goals.We must take all dreams seriously, no matter how big or small, and help students get there step by step.”
Rebecca McMillan: “Identification issues are paramount. We need multiple, wide-gauge methods. Creativity must be considered. In my view, what drives both the excellence and achievement gaps is an engagement gap.”
Dr. Plucker: “Use local norms. Inexcusable to have no services in majority minority or high poverty schs. Local norms help change perceptions.I still hear racist comments in schools, for ex., “We can’t let too many of ‘those kids’ into the program.” Need to confront! [This] goes for poor kids, too: We don’t talk nearly enough about anti-poor bias in U.S.”
A complete transcript of this chat may be found here.
“Talent on the Sidelines: The Widening Gap in Excellence” at the Creativity Post by Scott Barry Kaufman
“Talent on the Sidelines: Excellence Gaps & America’s Persistent Talent Underclass” by Dr. JonathanPlucker (pdf)
Excellence Gap 2012 (website)
Dr. Jonathan Plucker Bio @UCONN
The Brain Cafe on Facebook
Interview with Dr. JonathanPlucker on Talent on the Sidelines (podcast)
“Excellence Gap” from GiftedPhoenix
Scientific American Blog Beautiful Minds by Dr. Scott Barry Kaufman
“Academic Survivability in High-Potential, Middle School Students” GCQ 1996 Plucker/McIntire
5 Questions for Dr. Scott Barry Kaufman about ‘The Creativity Post’ by Dr. JonathanLWai
Ungifted: Intelligence Redefined (book – Amazon) by @sbkaufman Dr. Scott Barry Kaufman
The Complexity of Greatness: Beyond Talent or Practice (book – Amazon) by Dr. Scott Barry Kaufman
“Integrating Multicultural and Gifted Education: A Curricular Framework” (pdf) from Dr. Donna Y. Ford et al
Bright, Talented, & Black: A Guide for Families of African American Gifted Learners (Amazon – book) by Dr. Joy Lawson Davis
Cybraryman’s Culture Page
Cybraryman’s You Matter Page
“From Evaluation to Inspiration” at Scientific American Beautiful Minds Blog from Dr. Scott Barry Kaufman
“The Need for Belonging in Math and Science” by Scott Barry Kaufman
“Letter Grades Deserve an ‘F’” from Jessica Lahey
“De Bono’s 6 Action Shoes: One Size Shoe Cover System” from Jo Freitag
“Revealing New Truths About Our Nation’s Schools” (pdf) from the Office for Civil Rights
Rebecca McMillan Gifted Homeschoolers Forum Online Spring 2014 Instructor
Rebecca McMillan Sui Generis at The Creativity Post
“Ode to Positive Constructive Daydreaming” by Rebecca McMillan et al
Global #gtchat was excited to host not one, but two surprised guest experts at this chat! Dr. Joy L. Davis, educational consultant, scholar and author at Creating Positive Futures; and Dr. Donna Y. Ford, Professor of Education and Human Development at Vanderbilt University. A full transcript can be found here.
Dr. Donna Y. Ford
During this chat we discussed barriers which exist to participation in gifted programs for high-ability, low-income students; which groups of children are most widely excluded from gifted programs; and who is most poised to make a difference – parents, educators, policy makers. Finally, best practices in achieving equity in gifted education and practical steps that could be taken by local educators to make a difference were proposed.
In 2012, the NAGC released “Unlocking Emergent Talent: Supporting High Achievement of Low-Income, High-Ability Students” which “challenges the nation to move beyond its near-singular focus of achieving minimum performance for all students, to identifying and developing the talent of all students who are capable of high achievement, including our promising low-income and culturally and linguistically diverse students who too often literally languish in our schools.” Information from this report was used in the research for this chat.
Title I + Gifted Education=Partnership for Equity from @davis_joy
“New & Important Books to Help with Eradicating Inequities in Education” from @davis_joy
‘Donna Y Ford, PhD’ (website)
Bright, Talented & Black (Amazon) from @davis_joy
“Multicultural Gifted Education” from @donnayford
Bright, Talented & Black (website)
We Are Gifted 2 (Dr. Joy’s Blog)
Mirror Books: Power of Positive Images (Dr. Joy’s Facebook Page)
From the Texas Education Agency: What is Equity in G/T Education?
Civil Rights Date Collection (U.S. government)
Critique of ‘Unlocking Emerging Talent’ from @GiftedPhoenix
Cybraryman’s Culture Page
Global #gtchat welcomed Dr. Joy Lawson Davis as we discussed “Diversity in Gifted Education”. Dr. Davis is the author of Bright, Talented and Black: A Guide for Families of African American Gifted Learners; the Director of the Center for Gifted Education at the University of Louisiana, Lafayette; and Chair of the National Association of Gifted Children’s Diversity & Equity Committee. The complete transcript of this chat can be found here.
The opening question was, “What would you like us to know about the lack of diversity in U.S. gifted education programs?” Her reply, “Inequity affects certain groups more than others: Black, Hispanic, Native American, in particular. Gifted classrooms in some areas are the most segregated in America! The huge challenge before us ALL is to ensure that Gifted Education & Equity co-exist peacefully. Radical changes in attitudes about racially diverse students and those who come from low SES (socio-economic status) backgrounds can make a difference. Performance-based assessments, use of ‘talent spotting’, and universal screening are just a few of strategies.”
Next, we asked Dr. Joy ~ “What modifications should be made to assessments/identification process to be more culturally sensitive?” She replied ~ “Using culturally unbiased testing; some verbal tests that were not normed on a diverse population will not give the best results. Assessing students in their native language, training more diverse personnel in gifted education can help. If teachers are culturally insensitive; then they will overlook, misdiagnose, and simply ignore giftedness in diverse children.”
In closing, Dr. Davis reminded us that “We can do this!! Working together we can ERADICATE under-representation of culturally diverse students in gifted education worldwide!” We at #gtchat believe this is a timely and important topic that must be kept on the front burner! Special thanks to Dr. Davis for joining us!
Dr. Joy Lawson Davis website
Bright, Talented and Black (Amazon)
Senginar w/ Dr. Joy Davis ‘Addressing Unique Challenges of Culturally Diverse Gifted Learners’ Feb 12th
We Are Gifted2 (Dr. Joy’s Blog)
Interview of Dr. Davis on Ingeniosus
SENG Conference to Highlight Diversity in Gifted Education
Education of Special Populations of Gifted Students (.pdf 355 pgs)
Joy Lawson Davis @ Great Potential Press
Joy Lawson Davis Bio on Amazon
Cybraryman’s Multicultural Celebration Page
Cybraryman’s Culture Page